Chemical weapons use in Kurdistan
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Chemical weapons use in Kurdistan Iraq"s final offensive : a staff report to the Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate. by

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Published by U.S. G.P.O. in Washington .
Written in English


  • Chemical warfare -- Iraq.,
  • Chemical warfare -- Iraq -- Kurdistan.,
  • Iran-Iraq War, 1980-1988 -- Chemical warfare.,
  • Iraq -- Military policy.

Book details:

Edition Notes

SeriesS. prt -- 100-148.
ContributionsUnited States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Foreign Relations.
The Physical Object
Paginationviii, 46 p. :
Number of Pages46
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17673262M

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The Halabja chemical attack (Kurdish: Kêmyabarana Helebce کمیابارانی ھەڵەبجە), also known as the Halabja Massacre or Bloody Friday, was a massacre against the Kurdish people that took place on 16 March , during the closing days of the Iran–Iraq War in the Kurdish city of Halabja in attack was part of the Al-Anfal Campaign in Kurdistan, as well as part of the Location: 35°11′N 45°59′E / . Get this from a library! Chemical weapons use in Kurdistan: Iraq's final offensive: a staff report to the Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate.. [United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Foreign Relations.;]. In August , the German Defence Ministry too reported IS's chemical weapon use in Erbil in Iraqi Kurdistan.4 The same month, the United States officials stationed in Iraq claimed that IS used sulphur-mustard in a mortar attack on Kurdish forces in Makhmour town located in northern Iraq.5 Also, few reports of mustard agent use in al-Hasakah. She joined Human Rights Watch in documenting the destruction of Kurdish villages (some of which Hussein had attacked with chemical weapons in ) and the uncovering of mass graves. Moved by her experiences there, Meiselas began work on a visual history of the by: 1.

ERBIL, Kurdistan Region - The chemical attack on the Kurdish town of Halabja in brought a major and negative turnaround in the Kurdish struggle against the Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein. The chemical weapons attack on the Iraqi Kurdistan town of Halabja on Ma killed thousands of people and was the worst single chemical attack undertaken by the Saddam regime, not to mention by far the largest use of chemical weapons in an otherwise mostly short list since the end of WWII. Halabja was not the only chemical weapons. The Kurds, A Modern History is a very good overview of the Kurdish community in the Middle East. It covers the two main views of Kurdish nationalism, then goes from the Ottomans up to the modern times of Turkey, Iraq, Syria and by: 2. AFRIN, Syrian Kurdistan (Kurdistan 24) – The Syrian Kurdish authorities said on Friday that, as part of their attack on Syria’s Kurdish-run region of Afrin, Turkish troops used chemical weapons, injuring several civilians. Such use of chemical weapons is prohibited by international law.

The attack on Halabja, the worst chemical weapons attack in modern history, was part of a program of attempted genocide of the Kurds - Al-Anfal - . Chemical weapons have been used throughout history to gain tactical advantages over enemies in armed conflicts. There is evidence that civilizations up to thousands of years ago engaged in the poisoning of water supplies or the use of toxic smoke in sieges. Kurds are the largest ethnic group in the world that does not have a homeland. Genocide with chemical weapons carried out by Iraq against the Kurds, in October has become one of the darkest histories for the tribe. In , at least Iraq launched attacks with chemical weapons on Kurdish residents. The incident sparked criticism from various countries in the world. Chemical weapons are part of the “Weapons of Mass Destruction” concept because they can cause a large number of casualties. After the Septem terrorist attacks in the United States, there is a high risk perception of possible terrorist attacks with chemical weapons.